People and water – perspectives on past and present relationships via hydrology, palaeohydrology and archaeology

Workshop,  June 15 2017

Organised by Kevin Walsh (Fellow IMéRA-EURIAS 2016-2017 ; Senior Lecturer in Landscape Archaeology, University of York, UK) in collaboration with Peter Cook (IMéRA Fellow 2016-2017 ; Professorial Research Fellow, School of Environment, Flinders University, Adelaide Australia)

In collaboration with Peter Cook, I organised a one-day international workshop that took place at IMERA on 15 June 2017.

The rationale and aims of the workshop were as follows:
Both hydrologists and anthropologists/archaeologists are interested in how hydrological systems have changed over time. Hydrological interpretation can benefit from information on how human-stresses on hydrological systems have changed over time, and anthropological and archaeological studies can benefit from information on hydrological change (which can be both a cause and an effect of anthropological change). In this one-day conference, we brought together a group of hydrologists, palaeohydrologists, and archaeologists. Within this group of disciplines, we wanted to assess and question disciplinary boundaries and consider data-integration: For example, to what extent do hydrologists consider time-depth and to what extent does palaeohydrological research inform contemporary hydrological models. Moving on from this, how do hydrologists and palaeohydrologists incorporate evidence relating to changes in human activities, practices, behaviour, and the related forms of environmental knowledge that change over time. All of these issues, discussing the ways in which hydrological, palaeohydrological and historical disciplines intersect, is of paramount importance for discussions of Anthropocene trajectories. Continuer la lecture de « People and water – perspectives on past and present relationships via hydrology, palaeohydrology and archaeology »

« Travelscapes » par Cristina Corsi

Cristina Corsi (Fellow IMéRA/LabexMed 2015-2016) est professeur d’archéologie à l’université de Cassino, Italie.

Article paru dans Perspectives#14, revue du RFIEA.

Roads have always been addressed as formidable channels through which people, goods, news, ideas and cultures are transferred. They indeed constitute the ‘circulatory system’ of entities such as regions, states, or continents. They are means through which social, economic and cultural patterns are conveyed, and through which languages, traditions, religions, habits, fashions, musical practices and material culture are transmitted.

Medieval road networks have been studied mainly in their devotional meaning as pilgrimage routes. Innumerable publications investigated these aspects and highlighted the role played by these medieval ‘highways’ in building up the  European cultural identity. The plethorical literature on the pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela is a shining example of that. This approach has been central in setting up networks of cultural institutions and in disseminating research outuputs (mainly through websites, such as http://www.saintjamesway.eu/ and http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/669 for the S. James Way, http://www.viefrancigene.org/en/, http://www.tastingeurope.com/routes/francigena and http://www.rivistaviafrancigena.it/en/ for the Francigena Way, to name but a few).
Most publications adopt an historical perspective rooted in the research of Johan Plesner, first published in 1938. This methodology was refined with the book of Thomas Szabó in 1992, and the works of Tiziano Mannoni (1983, 1992) highly contributed to a more structured archaeological-topographical approach.
Continuer la lecture de « « Travelscapes » par Cristina Corsi »

« Une génèse de l’Anthropocène », par Kevin Walsh

Kevin Walsh est Senior Lecturer en Archéologie du paysage (University of York, UK), en résidence IMéRA-EURIAS du 3 octobre 2016 au 28 juillet 2017.

Article publié dans Fellows#19, publication du RFIEA.

Anthropocène est souvent défini comme la période géologique marquée par les dépôts sédimentaires provenant directement de l’impact capital de l’humanité sur l’ensemble des systèmes environnementaux (géologiques, écologiques et climatiques). Pour beaucoup, cette période commence par la révolution industrielle, et s’accélère après la seconde guerre mondiale. Depuis les années 1950, on assiste à une augmentation sans précédent de la consommation des différentes ressources naturelles, avec pour conséquence directe l’augmentation considérable de la population mondiale.

L’Anthropocène est considéré par beaucoup comme un phénomène produit par l’impact de l’homme sur son environnement aux xixe et xxie siècles. Bien que cette description soit légitime et largement acceptée, il nous faut examiner la manière dont les interactions homme-environnement ont jeté très tôt les bases des changements récemment observés. En outre, en adoptant une description écologique de l’Anthropocène (en sus de la définition géologique), il nous faut également évaluer la création par l’homme de « nouveaux écosystèmes ». Ces nouvelles niches artificielles représentent une étape importante de l’Anthropocène, caractérisée par des environnements dégradés avec leurs conséquences géologiques. Pour citer Peter Verburg, spécialiste de l’espace environnemental et de l’Anthropocène : « Fondamentalement, l’Anthropocène définit l’émergence de systèmes socio-écologiques imbriqués, où les interactions homme-environnement sont non seulement bidirectionnelles, mais s’étendent également sur différentes échelles spatiales et temporelles. Dans cette optique, la pertinence d’une science complexe aboutissant à une nouvelle compréhension des interactions homme-environnement devient évidente ». Continuer la lecture de « « Une génèse de l’Anthropocène », par Kevin Walsh »

TRAVELSCAPES – « Landscape perception and unknown environments exploration »

Compte-rendu du séminaire du 2 juin 2016

Par Cristina Corsi (University of Cassino), résidente IMéRA-LabexMed 2015-2016

TRAVELSCAPES – Landscape perception and unknown environments exploration: New perspectives into Classical and Medieval journey

The workshop “Travelscapes” offered a programme that assembled experts from a broad range of disciplines, including archaeologists, geographers, cultural anthropologists, architects, sociologists, historians and experts of travel literature. It was indeed designed to implement the interdisciplinary approach that was the ‘pillar’ of the project that Cristina Corsi submitted at IMéRA. This interdisciplinary approach aimed also at fulfilling the main mission of the institution that fostered the project. Continuer la lecture de « TRAVELSCAPES – « Landscape perception and unknown environments exploration » »

Modern origins in the Mediterranean : interdisciplinary approach

IMéRA, January 14th-15th 2016 

Modern origins in the Mediterranean : interdisciplinary approach

Par Abdeljalil Bouzouggar, Fellow IMéRA-LabexMed 2015-2016

One of the most keenly debated issues in human evolutionary research concerns the Origin of the “Modern” Behaviour and dispersal of Homo sapiens. Mediterranean region knew the occurrence of early Homo sapiens with Middle Palaeolithic/Middle Stone Age finds at some key sites in both sides of this area.

A broader theme identified by the Abdeljalil Bouzouggar’s project for his residency at IMéRA (September 14th 2015-February 12th 2016) concerns the modern origins in the Mediterranean from an interdisciplinary perspective. With the help of the IMéRA staff and in collaboration with the LAMPEA (Europe Africa Prehistory Mediterranean Laboratory) at Aix Marseille University and the University of Oxford (UK), an international workshop was held in IMéRA on the theme of “Modern Origins in the Mediterranean : an interdisciplinary approach” in January 14th-15th 2016. In addition to IMéRA and Bouzouggar’s host laboratory (LAMPEA) specialists and keynote speakers from various countries and prestigious institutions attended the meeting and gave talks. Continuer la lecture de « Modern origins in the Mediterranean : interdisciplinary approach »